Hasan Al Banna was the imam and schoolteacher from Egypt. He was known as founder of Muslim Brotherhood. This organization still has strong and prominence involvement in many countries, especially the Middle East.
He started as cleric and teacher, but supported some militants in early years. He had view that Islam was comprehensive system. Every aspect in human life should put Islam and Quran as the principle and philosophy. He had many writings to expand his political view.
Early Life and Education
Hasan Al Banna was born in Mahmudiyya, rural area in Nile Delta, on 14 October 1906. His father was mosque teacher, muezzin, and Hanbali imam. He came from family with strong influential, particularly in Islam.
His early study was mostly from his father and Sheikh Zahran. He also went to Cairo for four years in order to study modern subjects. However, the school method is not traditional that Al Banna attended without father consent.
In his study period, he read books and content regarding political situation. He also involves in organization for young Muslim. He published more than ten articles in Islamic Journal.
He had known that the Ottoman Caliphate was abolished in 1924. This situation gave him new view to shape Islamic world. After study, he became schoolteacher near Suez Canal. It was area with strong foreign atmosphere, especially British.
Muslim Brotherhood was created after he witnessed people lived far from Islam principles. He started from six people, unnamed workers in Suez Canal. The organization was small association focused only to do charity and help each other.
After ten years, there were more than 500,000 members. That number was only the active ones and millions of people joined Muslim Brotherhood. The growth factors were related to the way Hasan Al Banna led.
His organization was his way to reform Islamic society. He created mass movement regarding society change for peasants, professionals, and worker. He developed propaganda.
One of notable accomplishments was Palestine revolt in 1936-1939. Muslim Brotherhood carried movement, such as fundraising, campaign, and donation. Those funds came from working classes, not the wealth people.
He had been prolific writer since young age. He started from local journal and newspaper. His views were reflected from his writings. Moreover, people learned what his accomplishment from his articles.
The other writing is autobiographical novel. The title is Remembrances of Preaching and of a Preacher. This book is considered his best writing because it explains his life using novel-based narrative. Today, he has more than 2000 articles.
Family and His Death
He had daughter named Wafa Al Banna. She married to Said Ramadan who is the leader in Muslim Brotherhood. They had two sons, Hani and Tariq Ramadan; the scholar and educationist. His brother was proponent to what his done and more liberal.
His activity was considered dangerous by government. In 12 February 1949, he had schedule to meet government representative. Unfortunately, the meeting was not happened and two men shot him. Hasan Al Banna died due to severe wound. His assassination created turbulence in Muslim Brotherhood situation.